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Life Balance Pain Care

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Migraines & Headaches​

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Brad S. Bootstaylor, MD​

Migraines & Headaches

What are the symptoms of migraines and headaches?
Common symptoms associated with migraines and headaches include:
· Dull, aching head pain
· Severe head pain
· Pain on one side of your head
· Throbbing or pulsing pain
· Light or sound sensitivity
· Vomiting
· Nausea
· Visual disturbances

Right before developing a migraine, you may notice an aura or seeing spots or bright lights.
If you have a migraine, it can last for several hours up to a few days in some cases. Seeking treatment is the best way to reduce your risk and severity of migraines and headaches.

What are the risk factors for migraines and headaches?

What are the risk factors for migraines and headaches?

Common migraine and headache risk factors include:

  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Bright lights
  • Food additives
  • Physical exertion
  • Dehydration
  • Sleeping problems
  • Menstruation in women
  • Family history of migraines

Ways you can reduce the risk of developing migraines include eating healthy foods, avoiding alcohol and food additives, drinking plenty of water, and adopting other healthy habits.

How does my provider diagnose migraines and headaches?

At the first sign of debilitating migraines or headaches, see the Life Balance Pain Care team for an evaluation. They check your vital signs, discuss your symptoms, review your medical history, complete a physical exam, and may recommend CT scans or other imaging procedures.

What are my migraine treatment options?

Common migraine and headache treatment options your specialist may recommend include:
Lifestyle changes
Lifestyle changes that can reduce your risk of developing migraines include stress reduction, eating nutritious foods, getting plenty of sleep, drinking water, and exercising most days of the week (avoid extreme physical exertion).

The following medications have been shown to be effective in treating migraines and can be prescribed for your treatment:

  1. Triptans ( e.g. Imitrex, Relpex, Maxalt, Axert)
  2. Ergotamines (e.g. Migranal, Cafergot)
  3. CGRP antagonist (e.g Nurtec)
  4. NSAID (e.g. Toradol/Ketorolac)
  5. Acetaminophen/Bultabital (Fioricet)

We can help with the right treatment!